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The Magic Flute

The Magic Flute

Join the dashing Prince Tamino in his quest for truth, honor, and a beautiful damsel in distress, who—true to fairytale form—he falls madly in love with, despite having never met. Mozart’s fantastical tale draws you into a world of magic-realism, complete with a giant serpent, moody monarchs, a secret brotherhood, and one very lovesick bird catcher. This charming opera, directed by Michael Shell, which is a profound exploration of the limits of loyalty and love, has been enchanting believers of all ages for over 200 years.

The fun unfolds around a star-studded cast that welcomes several anticipated returns: Matthew Plenk (The Mikado, 2012) plays the brave, love-struck Tamino whose adventurous pursuits lead him to the arms of his princess; David Pershall (The Pearl Fishers, 2012) lends comic-relief as the prince’s sidekick Papageno; and the regal Heather Buck (Orphée & The Pearl Fishers, 2012) reigns as Queen of the Night. Nadine Sierra joins the trio in her company debut as Pamina.

 Sung in English with English Supertitles

Runtime: 2 hours 50 minutes

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Scene 1 – Prince Tamino is being pursued by a terrible serpent. He faints, but just as the serpent is about to attack, three Ladies appear and defeat the beast. They are enchanted by the handsome prince, but cannot decide who should stay behind to watch as the others report back to their mistress, the Queen of the Night, so they all depart.

Tamino wakes up, sees the dead beast, and believes that some divine force is looking out for him.  He is even more surprised when a man covered in feathers comes into the clearing. This is Papageno, the bird catcher, who serves the court of the Queen by trading birds for food and drink. Papageno is more than happy take the credit for having killed the monster, but the three ladies return and punish Papageno for his lies by sealing his mouth with a lock.

They show Tamino a picture of the Queen of the Night’s daughter, Pamina, who has been kidnapped by the evil Sarastro. The mountains open to reveal the Queen of the Night, who commands Tamino to save Pamina.

The Ladies unlock Papageno’s mouth, warning him not to lie again. They give Tamino a magic flute to help protect him on his journey. Papageno tries to leave, but the Queen wants him to accompany the Prince. To assuage his obvious fear, the Ladies give Papageno a set of magic bells. With three boys to lead them to the palace, Tamino and Papageno set off.

Scene 2 – In Sarastro’s palace, Pamina tries to rebuff the advances of Monostatos, the overseer of slaves. Papageno sees Pamina through the window, and enters the chamber. Papageno and Monostatos are each frightened by the other’s strange appearance, and Monostatos runs off. Papageno explains to Pamina that there is a Prince on the way to rescue her. But Papageno is sad, because he has no girlfriend waiting for him.

Scene 3 – The boys have led Tamino to a grove with three temples – Reason, Nature, and Wisdom. He is sent away from the first two, but at Wisdom, a priest speaks with him—it is the Queen, not Sarastro, who is the evil one, and that Pamina is still alive.  Overjoyed, Tamino begins to play the magic flute. He hears an answering melody on Papageno’s bells, and heads towards the music.

Monostatos tries to stop Papageno and Pamina from escaping, but when Papageno plays his bells, Monostatos and all the slaves begin to dance instead.

Horns announce the arrival of Sarastro. Papageno is terrified, but Pamina reassures him, and explains to Sarastro that she was not trying to escape him, but Monostatos. Monostatos enters, bringing Tamino with him. Tamino and Pamina embrace, infuriating Monostatos, who tries to pull them apart. Sarastro interrupts and orders Monostatos beaten for his advances on Pamina. He then asks that Tamino and Papageno be led into the temple for purification.


Tamino is ready for the upcoming trials, but Papageno isn’t so sure—fighting isn’t his thing.  Sarastro convinces him—he has found Papageno a pretty little wife, Papagena, but he can never have her unless he undergoes the trials.

The Queen’s Ladies appear, and try to get Tamino and Papageno to break their vows of silence. Tamino remains strong, but Papageno babbles in terror. The Ladies admit defeat, at least where Tamino is concerned, and the ground swallows them.

Meanwhile, The Queen gives Pamina a dagger, demanding that she murder Sarastro. Pamina refuses, and asks Sarastro to forgive her mother.

The second trial begins, and once again Papageno cannot keep his mouth shut.  When he begs for a glass of water, an old woman appears. She claims to be 18, and says that Papageno is her boyfriend. A thunderclap sounds as she speaks her name, and she vanishes.  The three boys bring refreshments, and Papageno tucks in, but Tamino refuses, playing his flute. Pamina appears, and does not understand why Tamino will not speak to her.

Papageno, having failed the prior two trials, is not invited to proceed, which is fine with him. But he does still wish that he could have the Papagena he was promised, and plays his bells. The old woman from the last trial appears, and demands that Papageno declare his love for her. After much coercion, Papageno agrees, and suddenly the old woman is transformed into the beautiful, feather-covered Papagena….only to be immediately taken away by the priests. Papageno, distraught, asks the earth to swallow him, and it obliges.

Tamino prepares to enter the mountain, where he will face trials of fire and water. Pamina begs to see him, and the guards allow it—the lovers will face this final trial together. Shielded by the power of the magic flute, they proceed through the mountain, and are greeted on the other side by a rejoicing chorus.

Papageno searches for his missing Papagena. About to give up and end his life, he is stopped by the three boys, who remind him that he holds a powerful weapon – the magic bells. He plays them, Papagena appears, and the two can finally look forward to a home and many children together.

Monostatos has led the Queen and her Ladies beneath the temple, intent on killing Sarastro and taking Pamina back. Amidst thunder and lightning, Sarastro thwarts their plans, and breaks the Queen’s power forever. All can now celebrate the triumph of light over darkness.

- Claire Marie Blaustein


About the Composer

About the Composer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is considered one of the world’s greatest musical geniuses and composers. Although he created some of the most glorious music known to us, Mozart dies poor and unrecognized by his peers, and was buried in a an unmarked pauper’s grave.

Opera was Mozart’s favorite form of music to compose, but he also created a vast number of great works for piano, works for piano, voice, orchestra, and chamber groups. Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Mozart was a gifted and active pianist, violinist, and conductor. His father, Leopold, was a court musician for the Archbishop of Salzburg and the family grew up in an atmosphere filled with musical discussion, practice and rehearsals. Leopold Mozart realized that his son was a musical genius when the boy was only three years old. At that early age he would climb up on the piano bench and play, by ear, difficult pieces that he had heard his father rehearsing with other musicians. Within a year or two he picked up a violin and played that too, expertly. By the age of six, little Wolfgang had already composed minuets and other pieces of serious music, and his performance at the piano and violin was so brilliant that his father wanted to promote him around the world. The elder Mozart set off with Wolfgang and his young sister Maria Anna (called Narrerl) on a tour of Europe, where the children played for important nobleman. In each country Mozart was greeted as a “wonder child.” His improvisations and compositions, as well as his ability to read anything at sight, astounded all who heard him. But while audiences admired the young prodigy and his sister, The Mozarts made little money from the tour, and Leopold’s plan for financial success came to an end.

Between the ages of 10 and 17, Mozart composed music for special occasions at his school in Salzburg. At 12, he wrote his first opera. And, even at the young age of 14, he displayed a genius for musical drama that leading composers of the period did not have and that hew before had shown.

Leopold hoped that the Archbishop of Salzburg would give his son a permanent job, but the Archbishop did not understand Mozart’s unique musical talent and offered him no position. Mozart went to live in Munich and then in Paris with his mother, who traveled with him to help keep his house. In Paris, they suffered in dreadful conditions of poverty; unable to get any commissions for operas, Mozart turned to composing chamber music (music for small groups of instruments), a far more marketable commodity. He also gave music lessons, which depressed him even more than his squalid living conditions; most of his pupils were children of aristocracy and had neither talent nor interest in music, studying only because it was fashionable. Throughout his life, a suitable position worthy of his talent was to elude Mozart. Returning to Salzburg at the age of 23, Mozart was given a job as a court organist, but he was still treated menially and with disdain. Finally, in 1780, he was given a commission from the Munich Opera for a full-length work. He composed Idomeneo, a story based on ancient Greek heroes, following the popular tradition of serious opera at that time. The modest success of the opera encouraged the composer to leave Salzburg, which he found stifling, and to take up residence in Vienna, where he lived for the remainder of his life.

During the next ten years, he composed an incredible number of pieces, including his most famous piano concerti, the remarkable last symphonies (numbers 35-41), ten of his most beautiful string quartets, the clarinet concerto, and his monumental Mass in C Minor. By 1782, he had married Constanze Weber, who was also from a musical family. Although they were happy together, Constanze was unfortunately extravagant and disorganized, making their financial situation even more precarious.

In the last few years of his life, Mozart collaborated with a brilliant Italian librettist, Lorenzo da Ponte, who provided the words for three of the composer’s greatest operas, adapting them from plays and other sources. Despite the brief successes of these operas –The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Cosi Fan Tutte – Mozart was still unable to make a decent living or secure a steady job. The pressure of this bleak economic outlook contributed to Mozart’s declining health, and by the time he wrote his last opera, The Magic Flute (1791), he was near physical and emotional collapse. Despite this, he also undertook the composition of what was to be his masterpiece, a Requiem Mass.

The story if this Requiem, depicted in the popular play and film Amadeus, is one of the strangest in Mozart’s biography. A mysterious man, wearing a mask, appeared one day at Mozart’s door and offered the composer a commission for a Requiem (a special work for chorus and soloists to be sung during funeral services in the Catholic Church). The unknown visitor stipulated one condition, however – his identity would remain secret, even to Mozart. The composer began to work, but he became obsessed by the suspicion that the devil or some supernatural force had asked him to write this Requiem and that it would be for Mozart’s own funeral. He never lived to learn that a wealthy am had commissioned the work in secret so that he might later pass it off as his own composition.

By the end of 1791, Mozart was too broken in health and spirit to continue writing. He died at the age of 35 in December of that year, from what is believed to have been typhus. Since his wife was also sick at the time and unable to make proper funeral arrangements, he was buried in a unmarked grave in a pauper’s cemetery.

If Mozart had lived in a different era, his life as a composer might have been far easier. In the mid-18th century in Germany and Austria, the only secure jobs for musicians were players or composers in the courts of important people, either nobility or clergy. In addition to playing in small orchestras in such households and composing music for special events, composers also hoped to get “commissions” form opera houses or orchestras for larger works. If, for example, an opera company wanted to put on a new work for a special holiday, the manager would commission a composer to write the piece, paying him a an appropriate sum of money.

In the 18th century, there were – as there are now –more talented musicians than good paying jobs, making the support of a patron essential for financial security. In Mozart’s case, his sometimes stubborn, wayward disposition and the jealousy of other players and composers prevented him from finding success. Mozart was not willing to cultivate the favor of the rich; he preferred to concentrate his energies on his art –and his fellow musicians were only too anxious to snap up the good-paying jobs, even if it meant resorting to various political intrigues. It is both tragic and ironic that one of the most beloved composers of all time died in poverty and unhappiness, without so much as a deathstone to mark his resting place.

Mozart’s compositions, conceived by such a difficult genius, are appreciated by even the most simple of men. They are unsurpassed in beauty, wit, and technical mastery, and eloquently express the whole range of human emotions. All of Mozart’s works, in their amazing depths and variety, encompass the vast extent of the human condition and confirm his place at the head of the world’s greatest composers.


Opera was for Mozart the perfect medium of expression; likewise, he was the ideal opera composer. As the noted music historian Paul Henry Lang explains, “Mozart was the greatest musico-dramatic genius of all times. This unique position he owes to a temperament, which approached everything, every situation, and every human being with absolute objectivity. Every situation and every individual appeared to him as music, his whole conception was purely aesthetic, and music was his language.”


Opportunities to compose opera were never numerous enough for Mozart; for years he had wanted to write serious opera that was more vibrant than the rigid Italian opera seria and he also wanted to write an opera that was distinctly German. With The Magic Flute he came close to achieving both goals. As with Don Giovanni and The Marriage of Figaro, this work is a mixture of the serious and the comic, this combination being Mozart’s particular specialty. Like Shakespeare, Mozart demanded vivid contrasts; both artists portrayed the complete spectrum of humanity and human emotion.

It is no coincidence that the librettist of The Magic Flute, Emanuel Schikaneder, was a theatrical jack-of-all-trades renowned for his portrayals of Macbeth, Hamlet, and King Lear. (Carl Ludwig Gieseke, who originally played the First Slave, claimed much later that he had contributed as much to the libretto as Schikaneder but his claims are now generally discredited.) Mozart had known Schikaneder for about a decade before they collaborated on this opera. In Vienna, Schikaneder had formed a troupe of entertainers that performed a far-ranging repertoire, ranging from the operas of Gluck and the works of Shakespeare, to ballets, orchestral concerts, farces, foreign comic operas translated into German, and Singspiele (German comic operas with spoken and simple melodies; The Magic Flute is the epitome of this genre). Their headquarters was the Theater auf der Wieden, a temporary playhouse in the Vienna suburbs. To appeal to the relatively unsophisticated Viennese tastes, Schikaneder was forced to emphasize comic and romantic Singspiele and to throw in a great deal of spectacle. Very popular at the time was the “Zauberoper” (magic opera), a comic rescue play featuring special effects, animals, and various magical objects used by heroic characters to triumph over villainry. For the creation of The Magic Flute, Schikaneder played Papageno, adding many improvisatory and crowd-pleasing touches. There are delightful stories of Mozart playing Papageno’s bells in the orchestra pit, keeping Schikaneder on his toes with extra, unrehearsed flourishes. The original Queen of the Night was Mozart’s sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer.

One of the main sources for Schikaneder’s libretto was, in fact, such a magic story: Lulu, or The Magic Flute by August Jakob Liebeskind. Important also was the traditional Italian commedia dell’arte, improvised street comedy featuring such stock characters as Pantalone, Pierrot, and Truffaldino. This is reflected in The Magic Flute in the characters with Italianate names, such as Papageno, who is usually dressed as a bird in the manner of eighteenth-century commedia dell’arte drawings. Furthermore, “Papagei” is the German word for parrot. Although, according to the Mozart scholar Julian Rushton, writing in The Grove Dictionary of Opera, the libretto is for the most part “original and contemporary in its significance,” other sources Schikaneder consulted included the French novel Sethos by Jean Terrasson, a book that drew connections between Freemasonry and ancient Egypt, whence Masonry claimed its origins. Schikaneder was himself a Mason (although he had been expelled from the lodge in Regensburg) and one is well aware of the importance of Masonry to Mozart and his music, especially his later compositions. In the case of The Magic Flute, one might say that Lulu provided the comic underpinning, and Mozart’s exalted sense of the Masonic the serious overlay. Much has been made of the connection between the number 3 in Masonic symbolism and its use in this opera: the three flats of the opening E-flat major key signature, the three ladies, the three spirits, the three knocks at the door, three trumpets, three priests, and three musical instruments. Yet it is easy to get carried away. The trinity is after all important to a number of other groups beside the Masons, and The Magic Flute uses other significant numbers in addition to the number three. Furthermore, it has been suggested that certain characters represent contemporary figures: Queen is Maria Theresa, Sarastro is Ignaz von Born (Master of a Masonic lodge), Tamino is Joseph II. The work is strong enough to support almost any and all interpretations, both singly and simultaneously.

Many consider The Magic Flute, with its blend of the trivial and the sublime, a strange work for the mature Mozart to have written. It is, however, precisely this universality that made it an ideal subject for a man who embraced humanity in all its manifestations. The story unfolds in many short scenes that effectively contrast the grave with the comical, the earthy with the sublime, and so forth; likewise, the opera’s musical numbers function by contrast, with an unprecedented stylistic range. The diversity and discontinuity are deliberate and do not deprive the score of the right to be considered as an entity, the masterpiece of Mozart’s late style. Mozart was already suffering from his final illness during the first run of performances of The Magic Flute. He was often in dire financial straits in his last years, not so much because he did not earn enough to live on, but principally because he and his wife Constanze were spendthrifts. Yet no matter what his personal circumstances, Mozart was always able to see life clearly and to see it whole as few mortals have ever done, an aspect of his personality that helped make him the greatest of opera geniuses. This work is a masterpiece that was written, not as a recondite exercise in philosophy, but as a living entertainment meant to appeal to a large public. And appeal it did. In its first year alone it was given over one hundred times. Antonio Salieri attended a performance and complimented Mozart warmly. That the work gave the dying Mozart intense pleasure and comfort should alone be enough to recommend it for eternity.


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Sarastro • Kenneth Kellogg
Tamino • Matthew Plenk
Pamina • Nadine Sierra
Queen of the Night • Heather Buck
Papageno • David Pershall
First Lady • Natalie Polito
Second Lady • Courtney Miller
Third Lady • Sarah Williams
Monostatos • Ryan Connelly
Papagena • Amanda Opuszynski
Speaker • Matthew Scollin                     
First Priest • David Blalock
Second Priest •  Andre Chiang
Spirit 1 • Anna Maples
Spirit 2 • Fran Coleman
Spirit 3 • Kristen Choi
First Armored Man • Ben Kwak
Second Armored Man • Matthew Scollin


Conductor • Mark Russell Smith
Director • Michael Shell
Set Designer • Troy Hourie
Costume Designer • Marie Anne Chiment 
Lighting Designer • Driscoll Otto              
Wig and Makeup Designer • James McGough     

Mark Russell Smith, conductor

Mark Russel lSmithWhether conducting contemporary masterpieces or bringing fresh insights to the symphonies of Mozart, Beethoven or Brahms, Mark Russell Smith demonstrates consummate musicianship and enthusiastic commitment to the art of music-making – qualities that have endeared him to audiences and musicians alike.  In June of 2007, Smith was appointed Director of New Music Projects of the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra and Artistic Director of Orchestral Studies at the University of Minnesota, a combined post that enables him to bring his commitment for excellence and passion for education to new audiences.  In March of 2008, he was named Music Director and Conductor of the Quad City Symphony Orchestra, effective September, 2008.  As Music Director of the Richmond Symphony Orchestra, a position he held from 1999 to 2009, Smith was praised for his innovative and approachable programming and is widely credited with fostering the orchestra’s unprecedented artistic growth. As a guest conductor, Smith enjoys a burgeoning international reputation that has already brought him engagements and re-engagements with prestigious American orchestras, including the St. Louis Symphony, the Houston Symphony and the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra. With the Minnesota Orchestra, he made his critically-acclaimed Sommerfest debut in 2006 and made his subscription series debut in March of 2009.   In November 2007, he returned to his alma mater to lead the Symphony Orchestra of The Curtis Institute of Music in Verizon Hall.  Smith’s debut at the Nomus Music Festival in Novi Sad, Serbia was met with critical and audience acclaim and led to immediate reengagement. Other recent and upcoming appearances include the Santa Barbara Symphony, Brazil’s Orquestra Sinfôniea da USP, the Hartford Symphony, Orquesta Sinfonica de Xalapa, the Phoenix Symphony, the Colorado Symphony, the Eugene Symphony, the Curtis Opera Theatre, the Jacksonville Symphony, the Berkshire Choral Festival, the Eastern Music Festival, the Tulsa Philharmonic, Orchestra London (Ontario), and the European Center for Opera and Vocal Art in Ghent, Belgium.

Michael Shell, director

After making his directorial debut in 2006, Mr. Shell has gone on to direct for Atlanta Opera, Pittsburgh Opera, Michigan Opera Theater, Virginia Opera, Piedmont Opera, Opera Tampa, Opera Omaha, The A.J. Fletcher Opera Institute, Opera Theatre of St. Louis and Wexford Festival Opera. He made his international directing debut at the Wexford Festival Opera in 2010 with a production of “Winners,” by American composer Richard Wargo and returned the next fall to direct Double Trouble – Trouble in Tahiti and The Telephone. He has written and directed three cabarets, including All About Love and The Glamorous Life - A group therapy session for Opera Singers, both for Opera Theatre of Saint Louis. Mr. Shell has been a guest faculty member at the North Carolina School of the Arts and Webster University St. Louis, teaching Opera Workshop and directing Undergraduate Opera Workshop performances. He was the 2009 honoree of the OTSL Charles MacKay Career Development Fund and recently won the Best Director/Best Opera Wilde Award in Michigan for Giulio Cesare at MOT. Upcoming engagements include: H.M.S. Pinafore – Indiana University Opera, and a new production of The Barber of Seville – Co-produced by Opera Philadelphia and Opera Theatre of Saint Louis.

Kenneth Kellogg, bass

Kenneth KellogAn  alum of the Domingo-Cafritz Emerging Artist Program, performances in  2012-13   Anna Bolena and Don Giovanni with Washington National Opera,   Amahl and the Night’s Visitors with Ashlawn Opera. And Un Ballo in Maschera with  Opera Tampa .   He   made his European debut in  Die Zauberflöte with  Opera de Oviedo. Additionally he has sung  Cosi fan tutte,  Werther and Tosca with WNO, and, in Wolf Trap was seen in  Sweeney Todd and  Les contes d’Hoffmann. He has also sung with San Francisco Opera, Atlanta Opera, Los Angeles Opera , and Eugene Opera,


Matthew Plenk, tenor

Matthew PlenkThis season, tenor Matthew Plenk returns to the both the Metropolitan Opera and the Virginia Opera as Tamino in The Magic Flute. A graduate of the Metropolitan Opera’s Lindemann Young Artist Development Program, he made his Met debut in the 2007/2008 season in Tristan und Isolde. He has since returned to the Met for Lucia di Lammermoor, The Makropolous Case, Il Tabarro and Hamlet. Other recent opera engagements have included Die fligende Holländer at the Los Angeles Opera, The Pirates of Penzanze at the Opera Theater of St. Louis, Cosi fan tutte at the Atlanta Opera, and Don Giovanni at the Boston Lyric Opera and the Des Moines Metro Opera. In concert he has appeared with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, Cleveland Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic and at the Tanglewood and Aspen festivals. Mr. Plenk is a Samling Scholar, and holds a Bachelor’s degree from the Hartt School of Music and a Master’s degree from Yale University.



Nadine Sierra, soprano

Nadine SierraThis season, soprano Nadine Sierra makes her debuts at the Seattle Opera as Gilda in Rigoletto and at the Virginia Opera as Pamina in Die Zauberflöte, and returns to the Boston Lyric Opera for Rigoletto. She also appears in a performance of the Brahms Requiem in Ann Arbor and will be presented in recital in the Tucson Desert Song Festival and by the Michael Schimmel Center for the Arts in New York. She recently made debuts at the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples in Rigolett and the Glimmerglass Festival in staged performances of the Pergolesi Stabat Mater. A graduate of the Adler Fellowship program at the San Francisco Opera, she appeared on their main stage in The Magic Flute and Heart of a Soldier. Other recent engagements have included her debuts at the Florida Grand Opera as Gilda and the Boston Lyric Opera as Tytania in A Midsummer Night’s Dream; the title role in Orfeo ed Euridice at the Palm Beach Opera, and the critically acclaimed production of Montsalvatge’s El gato con botas at the Gotham Chamber Opera.


Heather Buck, soprano

sopranoIn 2013-14 Heather Buck sings Alma Beers in Wuorinen’s Brokeback Mountain with Teatro Real (Madrid, world premiere), debuts with Nashville Opera as Leila in Les Pêcheurs de perles, and with Pittsburgh Opera as La Princesse in Glass’ Orphée. In 2012-13 Heather Buck sang Leila in Les Pêcheurs de perles with Virginia Opera; returned to Opera Naples as Tytania in A Midsummer Night’s Dream; and to Teatr Wielki, Opera Naradowa as Medea in Dusapin’s “Medeamaterial.” She sings Lulu Baines in Elmer Gantry with Florentine Opera (Naxos label), nominated for three Grammy awards, and voted “Best of the Year” by Opera News.



David Pershall, baritone

sopranoPerformances  include La Boheme with Den Norske Opera,  Schmidt’s Notre Dame in Carnegie Hall,  Il Barbiere di Siviglia with El Paso Opera, Andrea Chenier in  Avery Fisher Hall, Lucia di Lammermoor with Opera Theater of Connecticut,  concerts with Dallas Opera, Wonderful Town with the Giuseppe Verdi Orchestra di Milano,  and a recording  of L’amore dei tre re at the Beethoven Easter Festival in Warsaw with the Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra.   Awards include the Lissner Foundation International Vocal Competition, the Kauder Competition for Voice, Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions, Giulio Gari Foundation Competition, Opera Index, George London Foundation, and Licia Albanese-Puccini Foundation.


Natalie Polito, soprano

Natalie PolitoNatalie Polito, hailed as “one of the finest young sopranos in Greater Boston”, makes her Virginia Opera mainstage debut as the First Bridesmaid in Le nozze di Figaro. Ms. Polito recently made her international debut during a 2012 concert tour of Vietnam. She made her mainstage debut at the 2012 Green Mountain Opera Festival as Musetta in La Bohème under the baton of internationally renowned conductor Leonardo Vordoni. The 2011 recipient of the Santa Fe Opera’s Lillian Caroff Mayer award, Ms. Polito covered Kitty in The Last Savage and Marie in Wozzeck for Santa Fe. Ms. Polito holds degrees from The Boston Conservatory and Northwestern University.


Courtney Miller, mezzo-soprano

Courtney MillerMezzo-Soprano Courtney Millerjoins Virginia Opera as a Resident Artist this season.  A New England Regional Finalist of the Metropolitan Opera Auditions, Ms. Miller is a current Career Bridges Grant recipient.  Highlights include Sister Helen (Dead Man Walking), L’enfant (L’enfant et les sortilèges), Concepción (L’heure Espagnole),Romeo (I Capuleti e i Montecchi), and Nancy (Albert Herring)She has sung with Boston Lyric Opera, Chautauqua Opera, Ohio Light Opera, and Seagle Music Colony.  An art song enthusiast, Ms. Miller is an avid recitalist.  A Wisconsin native, Ms. Miller holds degrees from the University of Michigan and the Boston Conservatory.

Sarah Williams, mezzo-soprano

Courtney MillerRecognized for her “warm, clear, and colorful voice” and “huge talent, full of temperament, and pinache”(Washington Post), Mezzo-soprano Sarah Williams has performed to critical acclaim worldwide. Equally at home in opera, musical theater, chamber music, and recital, Ms. Williams has performed at venues such as Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, Virginia Opera, Chautauqua Opera, and Sarasota Opera. A prolific recording artist, Ms. Williams can be heard on the Albany and Naxos labels. Her performances have been broadcast on PBS, NPR, and the radio program Performance Today. A deep commitment to contemporary music, has led Ms. Williams to premiere the role of Veruca Salt in Peter Ash’s The Golden Ticket. In addition, she debuted the title role of Jo in Mark Adamo’s Little Women in Tel Aviv, Israel. She received her degrees from the Manhattan School of Music (M.M.) and Westminster Choir College (B.M.).




Ryan Connelly, tenor

Ryan ConnellyRyan C. Connelly, tenor, is from New Freedom, Pennsylvania.  He attended Temple University where he received a Bachelor's Degree in Voice Performance in 2009, and the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music where he received a Master's degree in Voice Performance in 2011.  He has since performed with many companies, including Kentucky Opera, making his professional debut as Remendado in Carmen; the Queen City Chamber Opera, singing the roles of Vogelsang and Bastien in the company’s first production of Der Schauspieldirektor and Bastienne und Bastienne; and the CCM Spoleto festival, where he starred in Rossini’s Il Signor Bruschino as Florville.



Amanda Opuszynski, soprano

Amanda OpuszynskiSoprano Amanda Opuszynski recently appeared as Frasquita (Carmen) with The Atlanta Opera and covered Woglinde and Wellgunde in Seattle Opera’s renowned Ring Cycle. During her two seasons with the Seattle Opera Young Artist Program, she appeared as Norina (Don Pasquale) and Sophie (Werther) and made her mainstage debut as Frasquita (Carmen). Ms. Opuszynski has also enjoyed apprenticeships with the Glimmerglass Festival, The Santa Fe Opera, and the Wolf Trap Opera Studio. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan and the University of Maryland Opera Studio and has twice been a Regional Finalist in the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions.



Matthew Scollin, bass

Matthew ScollinA native of Walled Lake, Michigan, bass-baritone Matthew Scollin has begun his emerging career with young artist residencies at Santa Fe Opera, San Francisco Opera, and Seattle Opera.  In 2012, he performed Man with a Cornet Case (Postcard from Morocco) while a member of the Merola Opera Program.  As a Seattle Opera young artist during the 2012-13 season, Scollin made his mainstage debut as Second Prisoner in Fidelio and sang La Rocca in the program’s touring production of Verdi’s Un Giorno di Regno.  He has also covered Colline (La Bohème), First Apprentice (Wozzeck), and Antonio (Le Nozze di Figaro) while an apprentice at Santa Fe Opera in 2011 and 2013.  Scollin holds degrees from Michigan State University and the University of Illinois.


David Blalock, tenor

David BlalockTenor David Blalock is participating in his first season as a Virginia Opera Emerging Artist.  In the spring of 2013, he made his Fort Worth Opera debut as Young Thompson in Tom Cipullo’s Glory Denied.  During his second summer as an apprentice with Santa Fe Opera in 2013, David made his SFO mainstage debut, singing Bertram in Rossini’s La Donna del Lago, as well as First Prisoner in the world premiere of Theodore Morrison’s Oscar.  He is a two-time district winner of the MONC auditions.  After receiving his undergraduate degree from UNC Greensboro, David attended the Maryland Opera Studio for two years.


Andre Chiang, baritone

Andre ChiangAndré Chiang is young baritone with great musicality and promise. Mr. Chiang’s credits include Dr. Falke (Die Fledermaus), Ctésippe (Pénélope), and Il Conte (Le nozze di Figaro) at the Manhattan School of Music; Masetto (Don Giovanni), El Gallo (The Fantisticks), Sciarrone/Jailer (Tosca) with Shreveport Opera; Yamadori (Madama Butterfly), Young Galileo/Salviate (Galileo Galilei), Maximillian/Captain (Candide), Argante (Rinaldo), Ford (Falstaff) with Portland Opera. He has been a Gerdine Young Artist with the Opera Theatre of St. Louis and joins the young artist program with the Glimmerglass Festival covering Lancelot (Camelot) and the Emerging Artist Program with Virginia Opera.'


Kristen Choi, soprano

Ben KwakKristen Choi (Mezzo-soprano) is a Los Angeles native and a graduate of the San Francisco Conservatory of Music. Recent roles include Jo (Little Women) with Opera North, Tisbe (La Cenerentola) with Townsend Opera, Lady Thiang (The King and I) with Opera North, Zerlina (Don Giovanni) with West Bay Opera in Palo Alto, CA, and St. Theresa II (Four Saints in Three Acts) with Opera Parallèle in San Francisco. Ms. Choi recently sang arias from Bizet’s Carmen with the Young Musicians Foundation Orchestra and received a scholarship with the Pasadena Opera Guild. Earlier this year, Ms. Choi participated in Sarasota Opera’s apprenticeship program.


Ben Kwak, tenor

Ben KwakTenor Ben Kwak is well know in Korean community in Washington DC area. He has been tenor soloist in Washington Soloist Ensemble since year 2000. He has performed tenor solos in Mozart's Requiem, Coronation Mass, Verdi's Requiem and Handel's Messiah with Global Mission Church, Washington Soloist Ensemble, The First Baptist Church in Washington. He is continuously invited from the Ureuk Symphony Orchestra's annual concert performing at Merkin Concert Hall in New York City. Recently he sang with Tenor Tracey Welborn and Soprano Anne O'bern In Love With Music concert which Lyric Opera Virginia and Grace and Holy Trinity Church presented. In 2013-2014 season, Mr. Kwak will sing numerous rolls and cover lead rolls with Virginia Opera productions.


Troy Hourie, Set Designer

Troy HourieTroy has designed over 275 productions for various off-Broadway, regional and opera companies across the USA, Canada and internationally; including The New Victory, New York Theatre Workshop, Cherry Lane Theatre, Brooklyn Academy of Music, Classical Theatre of Harlem, Epic Theatre Ensemble, Juilliard, The Guthrie, Bay Street Theatre, New York Stage and Film, Williamstown, Huntington Theatre, Court Theatre, Studio Theatre, DC., Syracuse Stage, and Sarasota Opera. Awards: AUDELCO Award and nominations for Helen Hayes Award, Joseph Jefferson Award, Henry Hewes Award, Drama Desk Award, six AUDELCO nominations and Ford Foundation Artist Grant. Upcoming: Falstaff at Opera Hamilton and Ariadne in Naxos at Glimmerglass Opera.

Driscoll Otto, Lighting Designer

Driscoll Otto

Driscoll Otto is a New York based Lighting and Projection Designer. Driscoll’s lighting design work has been seen Off-Broadway and in regional opera & theatre companies nationwide including NC Opera; Gotham Chamber Opera; Dallas Theatre Center; Trinity Repertory Theatre; The Hangar Theater; Flatrock Playhouse; Reprise Theatre Company and Utah Festival Opera and on the new Norwegian Cruise Line’s “Breakaway”. He has designed the Lights and Projections for numerous productions including Antony & Cleopatra (Houston Shakespeare Festival) and Passion Play (Summer Rep SRJC). He holds a Master of Fine Arts degree from NYU Tisch School of the Arts and his portfolio can be viewed at

James P. McGough , Wig and Make-Up Designer

James P. McGough is pleased to return for his 16th season with the Virginia Opera. During the off season, Jim is a designer and Make-Up artist for Fort Worth Opera Festival. Over a 25 year career, Jim’s work has been seen in theatres across the U.S. from Broadway to regional productions. He dedicates this season to the loving memory of his parents.